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The great, the terrible, and the OMFG-WHY of POVs and Age Genres #IndieMonth2017 #giveaway #BookRecommendations

The great, the terrible, and the OMFG-WHY of POVs and Age Genres #IndieMonth2017 #giveaway #BookRecommendations

by davincikittieJune 29, 2017

Perspective. Everyone needs some. And every story is supported by at least one. First or third, limited or omniscient, present tense or past, the perspective an author uses lays the foundation for how a reader will perceive the characters. Equally as important, although nowhere near as straightforward, is the age-focus consideration of a story. Does a book target young teens? College freshmen, or maybe seniors transitioning out into the real world? Some stories, even romances, address themes so mature that no 13-year-old should ever pick them up. So how do we know what we’re in for as readers? The genre classifications of Young Adult, New Adult, and Adult romance light the way.

Much ado about NA

I know what you’re thinking. “Sue,” you might confide, we already talked about Genres. Why didn’t you bring up New Adult (NA) and Young Adult (YA) with the other genres?” Because while the genres we talked about earlier this week all centered around a story’s setting and time period, New Adult and Young Adult target specific age ranges of readers—or, more specifically, life experience levels. As does plain ole “Adult” but I think we talk less about that one because it tends to be the go-to standard in romantic fiction; unless I see “NA” or “YA”, I assume the story contains adult themes. Now, don’t get me wrong. “Adult” doesn’t mean “XXX”. But it could. YA will pretty much never contain explicitly erotic themes, and NA tends to be very careful about how it presents high levels of heat. But I digress: NA and YA aren’t about heat levels. They’re about the age and life experiences of the target audience.

Consider this:

Thirty-eight-year-old divorcee heroine finds love again after her kids graduate from college and leave the nest. A little peace and quiet with her new silver fox of a man has never sounded so enticing.

What audience do you think that will most appeal to?

Teenage girls and women still in their early twenties are probably not the prime reader base for this story. This book would target the more mature end of the Adult spectrum. Readers in their late thirties (and older) would be able to at least identify with the heroine’s outlook on life, if not her exact circumstances.

But if the storyline were something like:

Shy, nerdy, high school transfer student hero develops an unexpected magical power and finds himself struggling to control it while trying to sort out confusing feelings for two of his new classmates—the school’s head cheerleader and the drama club’s standout leading man. And our hero thought he was straight as an arrow.

Like the first example, the audience for this one isn’t simple to categorize.

The characters are in high school, so that puts it firmly in “young adult” territory. But the bi-curious nature of the hero may make shelf placement a little challenging for some less-than-progressive book stores, and some may prefer to offer this subject matter to older teens.

“But WAIT!” you might insist. “How is high school classified as ‘young adult’? Doesn’t YA target young teens, like 13-14 year olds?” And you’d be right. The genre of Young Adult, like we saw with the Adult example above, spans an array of ages and experiences. It would be impossible to group them all together and give readers a realistic idea of what’s inside. That’s where niche genres like Teen fiction come in.

“Okay, so then what is “New Adult?” NA covers that impressionable and dangerous time in a person’s life when they’re old enough to be considered an adult—at age nineteen you are eligible to be drafted and you can enlist to fight and die for your country—but haven’t yet experienced self-sufficiency as an adult. There are some very hard and important lessons you learn in your late teens and early twenties that younger readers won’t identify with and older readers don’t want to relive. NA has a reputation for being angsty, dramatic, and immature…for good reason. Have you spent any time around college freshmen? As someone who used to be one…uh, yeah. 😉

I don’t claim to be an expert in the various nuances of Teen and New Adult fiction (because I am neither a teen nor a new adult, and don’t typically read those genres), but even if there are smaller divisions than simply YA and NA, most of them are clearly not written for adult readers. We deal with different types of challenges as we get older, and the stories we connect with reflect our changing personalities and world views. So differentiating romance stories by age-appropriate genre is essential.

Which age-focus genres do you gravitate to? Are you an “adult” reader? Love NA or YA? Leave a comment, and let’s chat!

Get some perspective

Glad we’re all crystal clear on YA and NA. (So not clear, but moving on!)

Point of view (POV) is much easier to identify, and readers are just as opinionated about some of the perspective combos as they are about New Adult. Here’s a quick rundown of the most common perspectives used in romance:

  • First person, past tense
  • First person, present tense
  • Third person, limited, past tense (sometimes classified as “deep perspective”)

POVs are pretty self explanatory, but just to be thorough, let’s look at some examples:

First person, past tense

I didn’t know why I hated this man on sight. I just knew that I did. And I figured the sooner I got this introduction over with, the sooner we could part ways.

First person, present tense

I don’t know why, but I hate this man on sight. I. just. Can’t. Stand. Him. And I figure the sooner I get this introduction over with, the sooner we can part ways.

Third person, past tense (limited)

She didn’t know why, but she hated the man on sight. And she figured the sooner she got this introduction over with, the sooner they could all part ways.

Notice I didn’t mention POVs like second person (you do this, you do that) and third person present tense (She storms away in a huff). Those are rarely (read: practically never) seen in romance. Second person POV is better suited to advertising or role playing games than a fictional story. And third person present tense is just awkward. Present tense casts a more intimate tone than third, so if an author is going down that path, why not just ante up and write in first person?

How perspective maps to genre


Some genres and perspectives go hand in hand. For example, NA and YA practically dance naked in celebration of their love for first person present tense (First-Present). First person past tense is common too, and third person makes itself known, but the intimacy of being right inside someone’s head as they speak to you personally—in real time, as events are occurring—is remarkable. The NA Billionaire sub-genre of Contemporary Romance is also well known for First-Present thanks to the widespread success of books like Fifty Shades (which probably adds to the contempt some readers have for this perspective combo). First-Present POV is risky: when it’s written well, it SOARS, but when it’s bad, it TANKS. Many readers who spurn NA also abhor First-Present POV.

Some examples of First-Present perspective done awesome: Him (Him #1) by Sarina Bowen and Elle Kennedy (NA Contemp), Tangled (Tangled #1) by Emma Chase (Adult, Contemp)


Now first person past tense (First-Past) is much more common in the other genres of romantic fiction. I think this is probably because past tense is a more comfortable storytelling headspace for many readers, and the intimacy of first person ties the audience to the narrator emotionally. I can think of solid First-Past POV romances in just about every romance genre, from Sci-Fi to Paranormal to Romantic Suspense. Urban Fantasy, which often covers some dark and disturbing themes, uses this perspective a lot, and to very good effect. There’s nothing like the excitement of running after the bad guy right alongside your favorite kickass warrior heroine and knowing that because it’s told in past tense, she’s going to live through at least this battle!

Some examples of First-Past perspective that shine: The Night Huntress series by Jeaniene Frost (Urban Fantasy—start with Halfway to the Grave), the Hidden Legacy series by Ilona Andrews (Urban Fantasy—start with Burn For Me), Concourse by Santino Hassell (NA Contemp)

Third Limited

I’m not going to bother talking about Third-Past because it’s so common, but we should touch on what “Limited” means. There’s this thing in writing that editors call “head hopping”. That means the story “hops” from one character’s perspective to another character’s perspective without any warning. As a reader, it’s a jarring experience and can make understanding who is speaking or observing at any given time quite a challenge. To eliminate the potential for head hopping, authors will write in a “limited” perspective, meaning in any given section of a story, everything experienced on page is through one person’s eyes. The reader only knows what that one person knows (but note that the author can and will switch perspective to a different character after a section break). In Third Omniscient, the storytelling voice is essentially the voice of God—it knows everything and tells whatever it wants, whenever it wants. See how that might get confusing? Great for retelling historical events, not so hot for fostering close bonds between a reader and a character. Harry Potter is a classic example of well-written limited third person. Historical romances also tend to be written from third limited.

Why authors choose a perspective

You might wonder why your favorite romance was written from a specific perspective. The answer could be that the author felt most comfortable in the character’s skin that way, or that the story arc required a certain about of mystery or intimacy. Whatever the reason, the perspective a story is told in is a critical element of the story itself, and it governs how readers will perceive and react along the way.

Why readers prefer certain perspectives

There’s a reason all those NA-First-Present haters are so passionately outspoken. Just as there’s a reason other readers flock to it. The same goes for every other perspective and genre categorization. Different people connect and identify with different elements, and there are levels upon levels upon levels of nuance across all the topics we’ve discussed this week. While one reader may adore their perfect combination of genres, tropes, kinks, and perspectives, another reader might be throwing that same book against the wall in frustration or anger. (SO been there and done that!)

So what’s your perspective? Share some faves in your ideal genre/POV combos below! #ShareTheLove

Then enter the giveaways below for a chance to win a $50 Amazon gift card (no kidding) and some awesome ebooks and other prizes from our 2017 IndiePendence Celebration sponsors!


These are open to US & international readers! Leave a comment on today’s post, then fill out the prize widgets below to enter to win these fantastic prizes! Not sure what to chat about? Here are a few prompts to get you started…

  • Are you an NA hater or lover? Or do you care?
  • What combo of story elements is perfect for you? Share some of your favorite books!
  • Recommend books for other readers! (LOVE seeing your guilty reading pleasures! Keep ’em coming!)

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About The Author
Sue "DaVinciKittie" Brown-Moore is a veteran romance blogger and reviewer and the primary voice for Sue has been shamelessly pimping book boyfriends since 2010 and has won several blogging awards with GraveTells. Sue is also a freelance Developmental Editor passionate about helping authors bring out the best in their stories. She loves reading romance, fantasy, and sci-fi and edits any genre she reads for pleasure. You can follow Sue's editing blog, with tips and tricks for authors, at
  • Aly P
    June 30, 2017 at 12:28 pm

    I’m an “adult” reader, I’ve always loved reading it, even when I was in high school. I can’t understand the love for YA, I kinda hate it all 😀 I do read 1 or 2 every year, but mostly under pressure. The only YA that I really loved, like A LOT was Harry Potter(I started reading it in 3rd grade), I still enjoy rereading it 🙂

    Now, for POVs I gravitate to 3rd person, but I do read the 1st person POV books as well, not as much though.

    I do remember a 2nd person POV, it was a dark erotica(I don’t know how I ended reading it) that I DNFd after a few pages. It was o frigging hard to read! For the life of me, I can’t find it, but trust me, it was really bad.

    • June 30, 2017 at 9:07 pm

      I totally feel ya, Aly. There’s very little YA on GraveTells and that’s because I just don’t read it. Some rises above the angst and age divide, like pretty much anything by Julie Kagawa. And of course, Harry Potter is an incredible reading experience for anyone of any age. I was in college when I started reading it (right around when book 3 came out, I think) and I used to schedule whole weekends when it released to do nothing but read non-stop (not even sleep!). First person is growing on me. I used to think I hated it with the passion of a thousand hells, but then I either grew into an appreciation of it or discovered books that were better written in it. I can’t even imagine trying to read a 2nd POV romance. I mean, MAYBE a Choose Your Adventure, but that would be less romance, more instructional porn…right? LOL

  • Janie McGaugh
    June 30, 2017 at 8:19 pm

    When I started reading romance, all I read were historical romances, so I was very much used to 3rd person. I took a 10-15 year hiatus from romance and pretty much only read fantasy and science fiction during that time. When I came back to romance, I started picking up books that looked interesting and putting them down again because they were 1st person. After a while, though, I finally did start reading some of them and gradually got used to it. I still prefer 3rd person! A few favorite first person series are Ilona Andrews’ Kate Daniels series, Patricia Briggs Mercy Thompson series, and Jeaniene Frost’s Night Huntress series.

  • Betty Olsen
    June 30, 2017 at 9:47 pm

    I’m an adult reader and don’t care for the NA or YA books. Also prefer the 3rd person POV, the story seems to flow so much better. I’ve read in the 1st person past & present and just don’t care for that style. My favorite genre at present is Paranormal Romance although I have read Historical Romances and enjoy them too as well as SciFi/Fantasy. My favorite Paranormal Romance Authors are: Julia Mills-The Dragon Guard Series and Victoria Zak-the Guardians of Scotland Series. Love Claudy Conn’s Historical Romances and for SciFi/Fantasy-I love M.A. Abraham and her Elven Chronicle Series.

  • Rhonda P.
    June 30, 2017 at 10:16 pm

    I like all kinds of romance, really HEA’s. However I prefer Historical-Regency, Medieval, Highlanders Scotland. I just love to read how it was in the past eras. I’m not bothered by sexual content so I really don’t read YA and NA. As long as the plot line is good enough to carry the story the POV is not a factor. I’ll read all different ones.

    • July 3, 2017 at 12:08 am

      HEAs make me happy too. You know, I keep trying to read Highland romance and I just can’t get into it. Can you recommend some that you think are OMG-DONT-MISS? (Not Outlander, bc I already know all about that one! hah)

  • Lacey Waters
    July 1, 2017 at 1:56 pm

    I like it all. I like Ya and I like steamy, and everything in between 🙂

    • July 3, 2017 at 12:06 am

      Makes finding new book boyfriends a breeze when you like everything! It’s so much harder when you’re looking for a very specific thing or when you will only read a series in order, from start to finish. Sounds like you’ve got a great, open set of reading preferences. =)

  • July 7, 2017 at 6:10 am

    A critique partner pointed out that YA written in first-person past can seem condescending—it’s coming from a more mature moment than the narrator exists in during the story. But I don’t have a firm preference as to the rest—if a book is well written and the story engaging, I’m happy to read it.

    • July 7, 2017 at 8:42 am

      Hi Sandra! Thanks for stopping in! That’s an interesting observation about YA and perspective. I’m really curious now to check out some YA in First-Past and see if it sounds that way to me, too! Awesome insight!

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